|Water’s quantitative ability to react with bases. Influences reaction rates & promotes corrosion; influences biological activity and chemical specification. Useful as a measurement for quality of water.
|Water’s capability of neutralizing acids.
|The ability of an aqueous solution to conduct an electrical current based on the presence of ions.
|The sum of calcium and magnesium concentrations.
|One of the most important and frequently used measurements in water quality. Used in alkalinity measurements, pH is the measure of H+ ions present. Alkalinity and acidity are the acid-base equilibria. The intensity of the acid or base is indicated by the pH.
|Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) in water. Water with high TDS may induce unfavorable physiological reactions in consumers. Unsatisfactory bathing conditions result with high TDS.
|Measure of water clarity. Caused by suspend matter (such as: clay, silt, and organic matter).
**Information obtained from the
Standard Method for the Examination of Water and Wastewater 22nd Edition. (2012). Washington : American Public Health Association