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Pros and Cons of Owning a Private Well

The decision to own a private well for your water supply is one that many homeowners contemplate, and it comes with its share of advantages and disadvantages. If you already own a well, or if you’re considering one, it’s important to ensure its proper functioning. For peace of mind, consider getting your well inspected by certified professionals like U.S. Water.

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Advantages of Owning a Private Well

  • Independence and Control: One of the most significant advantages of owning a private well is the independence it offers. You have control over your water supply, which means you’re not reliant on a municipal water system. 
  • Cost Savings: Private well owners often enjoy cost savings compared to households connected to municipal water supplies. You don’t have to pay monthly water bills or deal with water rate hikes, potentially resulting in long-term savings.
  • Quality Control: With a private well, you have more control over your water quality. You can install filtration and treatment systems to ensure your water is safe and clean. This control can be especially important if you have concerns about water contaminants or if you live in an area with inconsistent municipal water quality.
  • Environmental Impact: Owning a private well can be more environmentally friendly. You aren’t reliant on the infrastructure and energy associated with municipal water treatment and distribution. Private wells often require less energy to operate, resulting in a smaller carbon footprint.
  • Reliable Water Supply: Private wells can provide a reliable water supply, especially in rural areas where municipal services may not reach. You’re less likely to experience water shortages during peak demand or emergencies.

Responsibilities of Owning a Private Well

Of course there are cost and responsibilities that come with owning a well.

  • Initial Setup Costs: The installation of a private well can be expensive, including drilling, permits, and equipment costs. These upfront expenses can deter some homeowners from choosing this option.
  • Water Quality Uncertainty: While you have control over your water quality, it also means you’re responsible for it. Private well owners must monitor water quality and invest in treatment systems if problems arise, such as high mineral content or bacterial contamination.
  • Legal and Regulatory Requirements: Private well owners may be subject to various regulations, permits, and local ordinances. Compliance with these rules can be time-consuming and costly, including the need for water quality testing and septic system inspections.
  • Ongoing Maintenance: Private wells require regular maintenance to ensure water quality and system reliability. This can include periodic well inspections, water testing, and addressing issues like pump failures or contamination.


Maintaining a private well is essential to ensure a safe and reliable water supply. Here are some key maintenance tasks:

  • Regular Testing: Periodically test your well water for contaminants, such as bacteria, nitrates, and other pollutants. This helps ensure your water is safe to drink. The DNR recommends testing water annually.

  • Well Inspection: Arrange for a professional well inspection by a certified technician to check the well’s condition, pump, and electrical components. 

  • Pump Maintenance: Keep an eye on the well pump. If you notice reduced water pressure or strange noises, it may need repairs or replacement.

  • Well Cleaning: Over time, wells can accumulate sediment and mineral deposits. Periodic well cleaning can improve water flow and quality.

  • Septic System Maintenance: If your well is linked to a septic system, ensure the septic system is well-maintained, as septic issues can contaminate well water.

  • Protect the Wellhead: Secure the wellhead to prevent contaminants, like chemicals or debris, from entering the well.

  • Keep Records: Maintain a record of well maintenance and water test results for future reference.

Regular maintenance and professional inspections are crucial to ensure the quality and safety of your private well water.

Permitting & Inspection

 The Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WDNR) requires all private wells in areas serviced by public water supply to obtain a permit from the local Water Utility, and routine inspections are required. For more information, contact the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.

U.S. Water is committed to providing expert well inspection services to homeowners. Their certified inspectors can help you maintain your well system and ensure your water supply remains safe and reliable. Don’t wait until problems arise; take action to protect your well. Contact U.S. Water today for a thorough well inspection and peace of mind.

Schedule a Well Inspection